January 04, 1944
The Battle of Monte Cassino, Lazio, Italy, begins. German and Italian soldiers fight the Allies in a series of battles that last until May 1944. The Allies emerge victorious.
January 22, 1944
The Allies land at Anzio, Lazio, Italy.
March 24, 1944
German soldiers kill 335 Italians at the Ardeatine caves in Rome. The massacre was the German military's response to an attack carried out by Italian partisans the previous day.
June 04, 1944
The Allies enter Rome.