Organizzazione per la Vigilanza e la Repressione dell'Antifascismo (Organization for Vigilance and Repression of Anti-Fascism, OVRA) is created to serve as the secret police under the Italian fascist government. Paid agents are suspected of infiltrating other organizations and groups to report on and stop any anti-Fascist activity or work.
August 23, 1927
Italian anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are executed in Massachusetts. The two men were convicted of murdering two men during a robbery on April 15, 1920. After a controversial trial and a series of appeals the two immigrant men were nonetheless executed. Even Benito Mussolini made quiet inquiries into the case and was apparently prepared to ask the Governor to commute the sentences.