Principals in Italian government shakeup

Black and white photograph showing King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy, Benito Mussolini and Marshal Pietro Badoglio standing at attention in full regalia at a flag ceremony in Rome, Italy on April 3, 1937.

The caption that accompanies this Associated Press Wirephoto reads as follows: "(NY23-JULY 25) PRINCIPALS IN ITALIAN GOVERNMENT SHAKEUP -- Here are the principals in today's Italian government shakeup, King Vittorio Emanuele (left), Premier Mussolini (center), and Marshal Pietro Badoglio (right), as they attended a flag ceremony April 3, 1937 in Rome."

Benito Mussolini, leader of the National Fascist Party, became the Prime Minister of Italy in October 1922. He quickly established dictatorial authority and  became identified as Il Duce, meaning "The Leader." He also created and held the supreme military rank of First Marshal of the Empire and along with King Victor Emmanuel III maintained complete control over the military of Italy.